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   >>>  Gradele de comparatie ale adjectivelor in engleza

Gradele de comparatie ale adjectivelor in engleza

In limba engleza, ca de altfel in oricare limba, exista 3 grade de comparatie:

- gradul pozitiv
- gradul comparativ
- gradul superlativ

 

A - Comparatia cu -er, -est

 

1) adjectivele monosilabice (formate dintr-o silaba)

 

clean

cleaner

cleanest

new

newer

newest

cheap

cheaper

cheapest

 

2) adjectivele plurisilabice (formate din mai multe silabe)

 

a) adjectivele format din 2 silabe terminate in y:

 

dirty

dirtier

dirtiest

easy

easier

easiest

happy

happier

happiest

pretty

prettier

prettiest

 

b) adjectivele format din 2 silabe terminate in -er

 

clever

cleverer

cleverest

 

c) adjectivele format din 2 silabe terminate in -le

 

simple

simpler

simplest

 

d) adjectivele format din 2 silabe terminate in -ow

 

narrow

narrower

narrowest

 

B - Comparatia adjectivelor facuta cu more - most  (pentru majoritatea adjectivelor formate din mai mult de 2 silabe)

Exemplu:

difficult - more difficult - (the) most difficult

 

C - Adjectivele neregulate

good

better

best

bad

worse

worst

much

more

most

many

more

most

little

less

least

little

smaller

smallest


D - Adjective speciale

Unele adjective pot avea 2 forme cand formeaza gradele de comparatie:

 

common

commoner / more common

commonest / most common

likely

likelier / more likely

likeliest / most likely

pleasant

pleasanter / more pleasant

pleasantest / most pleasant

polite

politer / more polite

politest / most polite

simple

simpler / more simple

simplest / most simple

stupid

stupider / more stupid

stupidest / most stupid

subtle

subtler / more subtle

subtlest

sure

surer / more sure

surest / most sure


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